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VOLUME 36, ISSUE 04

RELATION OF CENTRAL FAT MASS TO OSA IN THE ELDERLY
Relation of Central Fat Mass to Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the Elderly

http://dx.doi.org/10.5665/sleep.2532

Francis Degache, PhD1,2; Emilia Sforza, MD, PhD2; Virginie Dauphinot, PhD2,3; Sébastien Celle, PhD2; Arnauld Garcin, MSc4; Philippe Collet, MD, PhD5; Vincent Pichot, PhD2; Jean-Claude Barthélémy, MD, PhD2; Frédéric Roche, MD, PhD2

1Health Research Unit, High School of Health, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Lausanne, Switzerland; 2Service de Physiologie Clinique et de l'Exercice, CHU Nord, Saint-Etienne, Faculté de Médecine Jacques Lisfranc, Université Jean Monnet, Saint-Etienne, France; PRES Université de Lyon, France; 3Neurology Unit D, Memory Research Center, Lyon University Hospital, France; 4DIRC, CHU de Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France; 5Service de Rhumatologie, CHU Saint-Etienne, Faculté de Médecine Jacques Lisfranc, Université Jean Monnet, Saint-Etienne, France



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Study Objectives:

Obesity is a recognized risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). We evaluated whether total trunk and central fat mass (CFM) is associated with OSAS in elderly subjects.

Design:

Cross-sectional.

Setting:

Body composition assessment by dual-energy X-ray absorbsiometry (DEXA).

Participants:

749 volunteers aged 67.2 ± 0.8 years (59.4% women).

Intervention:

All participants underwent evaluation of their body composition by DEXA in parallel with clinical and polygraphic assessments. The presence of OSAS was defined by an apnea plus hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15.

Measurements and Results:

A total of 44.8% of the population had an AHI < 15, and 55.2% presented OSAS. OSAS subjects were more frequently overweight and had a higher total trunk fat mass and central fat mass (CFM). Correlation analyses revealed that body mass index (r = 0.27, P < 0.001), neck circumference (r = 0.35, P < 0.001), and CFM (r = 0.23, P < 0.001) were significantly related to AHI. Logistic regression analysis indicated that in mild OSAS cases (> 15AHI < 30), BMI (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.03-1.18; P = 0.008), and male gender (OR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.05-2.12, P = 0.03) were key factors explaining an AHI between 15 and 30. In severe cases (AHI > 30), male gender (OR: 3.65; 95% CI: 2.40-5.55; P < 0.001) and CFM (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.03-1.19; P = 0.009) were significant independent predictors of OSAS.

Clinical Trial Registration:

NCT 00759304 and NCT 00766584.

Conclusions:

Although central fat mass plays a role in the occurrence of severe OSAS in men older than 65 years of age, its low discriminative sensitivity in mild OSAS cases does not warrant systematic use of DEXA for the diagnosis of OSAS.

Citation:

Degache F; Sforza E; Dauphinot V; Celle S; Garcin A; Collet P; Pichot V; Barthélémy JC; Roche F. Relation of central fat mass to obstructive sleep apnea in the elderly. SLEEP 2013;36(4):501-507.

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