EFFECTS OF ACUTE TSD VS CHRONIC PSD IN MIDDLE-AGED PEOPLE
Acute Versus Chronic Partial Sleep Deprivation in Middle-Aged People: Differential Effect on Performance and Sleepiness
Pierre Philip, MD, PhD1,2; Patricia Sagaspe, PhD1,2,3; Mélanie Prague, PhD4; Patricia Tassi, PhD5; Aurore Capelli, PhD1; Bernard Bioulac, MD, PhD2; Daniel Commenges, PhD4; Jacques Taillard, PhD1,2
1Université de Bordeaux, Sommeil, Attention et Neuropsychiatrie, USR 3413, F-33000 Bordeaux, France; 2CNRS, SANPSY, USR 3413, F-33000 Bordeaux, France; 3Université Paris-Est, IFSTTAR, IM, LEPSIS, F-75732 Paris, France; 4INSERM U897, F-33000 Bordeaux, France; 5Université de Strasbourg, Laboratoire de Psychologie des Cognitions, F-67081 Strasbourg, France
To evaluate the effects of acute sleep deprivation and chronic sleep restriction on vigilance, performance, and self-perception of sleepiness.
Habitual night followed by 1 night of total sleep loss (acute sleep deprivation) or 5 consecutive nights of 4 hr of sleep (chronic sleep restriction) and recovery night.
Eighteen healthy middle-aged male participants (age [(± standard deviation] = 49.7 ± 2.6 yr, range 46-55 yr).
Multiple sleep latency test trials, Karolinska Sleepiness Scale scores, simple reaction time test (lapses and 10% fastest reaction times), and nocturnal polysomnography data were recorded.
Objective and subjective sleepiness increased immediately in response to sleep restriction. Sleep latencies after the second and third nights of sleep restriction reached levels equivalent to those observed after acute sleep deprivation, whereas Karolinska Sleepiness Scale scores did not reach these levels. Lapse occurrence increased after the second day of sleep restriction and reached levels equivalent to those observed after acute sleep deprivation. A statistical model revealed that sleepiness and lapses did not progressively worsen across days of sleep restriction. Ten percent fastest reaction times (i.e., optimal alertness) were not affected by acute or chronic sleep deprivation. Recovery to baseline levels of alertness and performance occurred after 8-hr recovery night.
In middle-aged study participants, sleep restriction induced a high increase in sleep propensity but adaptation to chronic sleep restriction occurred beyond day 3 of restriction. This sleepiness attenuation was underestimated by the participants. One recovery night restores daytime sleepiness and cognitive performance deficits induced by acute or chronic sleep deprivation.
Philip P; Sagaspe P; Prague M; Tassi P; Capelli A; Bioulac B; Commenges D; Taillard J. Acute versus chronic partial sleep deprivation in middle-aged people: differential effect on performance and sleepiness. SLEEP 2012;35(7):997–1002.