Study Objectives: To examine whether recurrent sleep restriction is accompanied by changes in measures of thyroid function.
Design: Two-period crossover intervention study.
Setting: University clinical research center and sleep laboratory.
Participants: 11 healthy volunteers (5F/6M) with a mean (± SD) age of 39 ± 5 y and BMI 26.5 ± 1.5 kg/m2.
Intervention: Randomized exposure to 14 days of sedentary living with ad libitum food intake and 5.5- vs. 8.5-h overnight sleep opportunity.
Measurements and Results: Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (T4) were measured at the end of each intervention. Partial sleep restriction was accompanied by a modest but statistically significant reduction in TSH and free T4, seen mainly in the female participants of the study.
Conclusions: Compared to the well-known rise in TSH and thyroid hormone concentrations during acute sleep loss, tests obtained after 14 days of partial sleep restriction did not show a similar activation of the human thyroid axis.
Keywords: Short sleep duration, sleep deprivation, thyroid hormone, 24-hour profile